Electrical nose could sniff out cancer
An electronic device has been developed by scientists, it is able to “sniff” breath and identify people with a certain condition that may lead to oesophagus cancer. Recent studies conducted show that there are approximately 9,000 new cases of oesophageal cancer, every year in the UK alone, this innovative technology could help to identify these cases earlier and therefore treat the cancer earlier.
It has been found, by Cancer Research UK, that people diagnosed with Barrett’s oesophagus (the precancerous condition that is detected by the electronic nose) are at 11 times greater risk of developing oesophageal adenocarcinoma. The condition presents no symptoms however it tends to be more common among people with long-term acid reflux problems.
Currently, with limited access to such innovative technology, diagnoses is conducted through on endoscopy which is an expensive and an invasive technique, whereas the electronic nose will be far from invasive, making the experience as least traumatic as it can be. The improved experience is hoped to encourage more people to have a screening, this will decrease the number of cancer cases and ease pressure on the healthcare system.
Prof Peter Siersema, co-author of the research from the Radboud Institute for Health Sciences in the Netherlands on the new detection method' “If you have a test available that is non-invasive and easily [detects] patients at risk of developing oesophageal cancer, then, of course, the participation rates will be much higher as compared to using upper endoscopy”
The innovative electronic nose uses a certain type of artificial intelligence to identify a particular component in a sample of breath. When trailed, the nose had correctly identified patients with the condition 91% of the time, and it correctly identified those without the condition just less than three-quarters of the time.
The team developing the tool plan to repeat the experiment in a sample group of 1,000 members, which they expect will lead to an increase in the system’s accuracy. If the trails go well the innovative device is hoped to be available to GP practices in two to three years time.
Google launches Visual Inspection AI tool for manufacturers
Google Cloud has launched Visual Inspection AI, a new tool to help manufacturers identify defects in products before they're shipped.
Poor production quality control often leads to significant operational and financial costs. The American Society for Quality estimates that for many organisations this cost of quality is as high as 15-20% of annual sales revenue, or billions of dollars annually for larger manufacturers. Google Cloud’s new Visual Inspection AI solution has been purpose-built for the industry to solve this problem at production scale.
How does it work?
The Google Cloud Visual Inspection AI solution automates visual inspection tasks using a set of AI and computer vision technologies that enable manufacturers to transform quality control processes by automatically detecting product defects.
Google built Visual Inspection AI to meet the needs of quality, test, manufacturing, and process engineers who are experts in their domain, but not in AI.
- Run autonomously on-premises: Manufacturers can run inspection models at the network edge or on-premises. The inspection can run either in Google Cloud or fully autonomous on your factory shop floor.
- Short time-to-value: Customers can deploy in weeks, not the months typical of traditional machine learning (ML) solutions. Built for process and quality engineers, no computer vision or ML experience required. An interactive user interface guides users through all the steps.
- Superior computer vision and AI technology: In production trials, Visual Inspection AI customers improved accuracy by up to 10x compared with general-purpose ML approaches, according to benchmarks from several Google Cloud customers.
- Get started quickly, with little effort: Visual Inspection AI can build accurate models with up to 300x fewer human-labeled images than general-purpose ML platforms, based on pilots run by several Google Cloud customers.
- Highly scalable deployment: Manufacturers can flexibly deploy and manage the lifecycle of ML models, scaling the solution across production lines and factories.
Industry use cases
The demo video shows how Visual Inspection AI addresses use cases to solve specific quality control problems in industries such as automotive manufacturing, semiconductor manufacturing, electronics manufacturing and general-purpose manufacturing.
Kyocera Communications Systems, a manufacturer of mobile phones for wireless service providers, has been able to scale its AI and ML expertise through the use of the solution. “With the shortage of AI engineers, Visual Inspection AI is an innovative service that can be used by non-AI engineers,” said Masaharu Akieda, Division Manager, Digital Solution Division, KYOCERA Communication Systems. “We have found that we are able to create highly accurate models with as few as 10-20 defective images with Visual Inspection AI. We will continue to strengthen our partnership with Google to develop solutions that will lead our customers' digital transformation projects to success.”
Visual Inspection AI has fully integrated with Google Cloud's portfolio of analytics and ML/AI solutions, giving manufacturers the ability to combine its insights with other data sources. The tool integrates with existing products from Google Cloud partners, including SOTEC, Siemens, GFT, QuantiPhi, Kyocer and Accenture.